Flamenco is music, singing and dancing whose origins go back to the Gypsy and Moorish cultures with Arab and Jewish influence. The culture of flamenco is mainly associated with the region of Andalusia, Spain, as well as Murcia and Extremadura, and has become one of the symbols of Spanish culture.
On November 16, 2010, flamenco was declared an intangible cultural heritage of humanity by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.
Originally, flamenco consisted only of singing (singing) without accompaniment. Then it began to be accompanied by guitar, or guitar (touch), clapping, tap dancing and dancing. Touch and dance can also appear without singing, although the song remains at the heart of the flamenco tradition. More recently, other instruments such as the “cajón” and the castanets were also introduced as well as several other instruments like the violin, the zeal and flute; which came to enhance the nuances of music beyond the traditional guitar.
The first time flamenco was mentioned in literature dates back to 1774 in the book ” Cartas Marruecas”, by José Cadalso. However, the origin of the term “flamenco” remains a much debated subject. Many people think that this is a Spanish term that originally meant Flemish (“flamende”). However, there are other theories. One of which suggests that the word is of Arabic origin, taken from the words “felag mengu” (meaning something like “peasant in passing” or “fugitive peasant”)
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